Articulation & Phonology
Articulation & Phonology with eLuma
What are Articulation and Phonological Disorders?
- Articulation disorders present with errors in the production of individual speech sounds, such as sound distortions or substitutions. Some articulation errors are age-appropriate, based on the typical age of acquisition as determined by norm-referenced data. For example, a common substitution for very young children is a /w/ for /r/ substitution, as /r/ is typically a later-developing sound. When such errors persist beyond the expected age and have a significant negative impact on the student’s education, the student may be considered for speech therapy services.
- Phonological disorders impair a student’s ability to understand and use phonological processes. These disorders present with rule-based errors that affect more than one sound. There are phonological processes that are typical throughout a child’s development, but if the use of these processes persist beyond the expected age, or are atypical in presentation, the student may be considered for speech therapy services. For example, “cluster reduction” is a typical phonological process in which consonant clusters are reduced to a single consonant for easier production but, in typical development, is eliminated by the time the student reaches school-age.
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Speech Sounds Disorders — Articulation and Phonology.” https://www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Articulation-and-Phonology/
- Super Duper. Handy Handouts: What are Phonological Disorders? https://www.superduperinc.com/handouts/pdf/356%20Phonological%20Disorders.pdf
- Little Bee Speech. Phonological Processes. https://littlebeespeech.com/resources/pdf/phonological_processes.pdf
Want to Learn More?
If you’re like a lot of folks, you might still be a bit unfamiliar with online speech therapy (aka teletherapy, telepractice, telehealth, etc.) and all of its many benefits. We invite you to check out our Why Online Therapy page to learn more about how effective, affordable and popular it really is.
If you want to learn more about how eLuma can specifically help YOUR program, we provide a free needs analysis to help you identify how you can improve your ability to deliver a broader range of high-quality online therapy services while simultaneously reducing your costs by several thousand (or more).
Recent Blog Posts
Guest post by Laurel Mendoza, MA, CCC-SLP, in partnership with Everyday Speech. Diversity. Inclusion. Cultural sensitivity. As educators, we’re likely very familiar with these terms.