Articulation & Phonology

eLuma gives students the ability to articulate their thoughts and feelings.


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Articulation & Phonology with eLuma

eLuma offers unparalleled online speech therapy solutions for articulation and phonology. We know that the key to helping these students is to first see and then unlock their incredible potential, but it all starts with their ability to communicate. Our speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can provide all of the same required services live and online, through a fully-secure, HIPAA-compliant platform, as they can in person — and can do so with a high degree of effectiveness, efficiency and flexibility. We love working with these kids and find great satisfaction in seeing them progress and succeed.
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What are Articulation and Phonological Disorders?

Articulation and phonological disorders are types of functional speech sound disorders that impact a student’s ability to communicate effectively. There is a typical progression of speech sound acquisition and use of phonological processes (the rule-based system of language that simplifies speech production into predictable patterns) based on a student’s age. When a student does not acquire speech sounds or does not advance beyond the use of phonological processes by the typical age, a Speech-Language Pathologist may evaluate the student for a possible speech sound disorder. Distinguishing between articulation and phonological disorders can be a challenging process and requires the expertise of a Speech-Language Pathologist, in conjunction with the rest of a student’s IEP team, for comprehensive assessment of the student’s speech and language skills.
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Articulation disorders

  • Articulation disorders present with errors in the production of individual speech sounds, such as sound distortions or substitutions. Some articulation errors are age-appropriate, based on the typical age of acquisition as determined by norm-referenced data. For example, a common substitution for very young children is a /w/ for /r/ substitution, as /r/ is typically a later-developing sound. When such errors persist beyond the expected age and have a significant negative impact on the student’s education, the student may be considered for speech therapy services.
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Phonological Disorders

  • Phonological disorders impair a student’s ability to understand and use phonological processes. These disorders present with rule-based errors that affect more than one sound. There are phonological processes that are typical throughout a child’s development, but if the use of these processes persist beyond the expected age, or are atypical in presentation, the student may be considered for speech therapy services. For example, “cluster reduction” is a typical phonological process in which consonant clusters are reduced to a single consonant for easier production but, in typical development, is eliminated by the time the student reaches school-age.


  1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Speech Sounds Disorders — Articulation and Phonology.”
  2. Super Duper. Handy Handouts: What are Phonological Disorders?
  3. Little Bee Speech. Phonological Processes.

Want to Learn More?

Free Consultation

If you’re like a lot of folks, you might still be a bit unfamiliar with online speech therapy (aka teletherapy, telepractice, telehealth, etc.) and all of its many benefits. We invite you to check out our Why Online Therapy page to learn more about how effective, affordable and popular it really is. 

If you want to learn more about how eLuma can specifically help YOUR program, we provide a free needs analysis to help you identify how you can improve your ability to deliver a broader range of high-quality online therapy services while simultaneously reducing your costs by several thousand (or more).

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